Types of Gum (Periodontal) Disease

Oral health is an integral component of one’s overall health and well-being. Periodontal or gum disease affects a patient with varying degrees of severity. However, the keys to addressing all types of gum disease are immediate action and communication with a reliable gum disease specialist. 

A proactive approach can help a patient limit the progression of disease and preserve his or her gum tissue and bone. The most common types of periodontal disease no insurance include gingivitis, chronic periodontal disease, aggressive periodontal disease, periodontal disease relating to systemic conditions and necrotizing periodontal disease.


This is the most common and the mildest of the periodontal disease stages. It forms along with the normal accumulation of plaque toxins in a patient’s mouth. Risk factors for gingivitis include pregnancy, steroid use, birth control pill use, diabetes and use of seizure or blood pressure control medication.

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Chronic Periodontal Disease

This is another common type, and occurs most often in patients over the age of 45. It comes with inflammation below the patient’s gum line in addition to the progressive degradation of both gingival and bone tissue. The disease can cause a patient’s teeth to appear that they are growing in length, but the gums actually recede in cases of chronic periodontal disease.

Aggressive Periodontal Disease

This kind of the disease comes with dramatic loss of bone tissue, rapid gum attachment loss and familial aggregation. Aggressive periodontal disease is similar to chronic periodontal disease but progresses at a much faster rate. Significantly, risk factors for developing aggressive periodontal disease include smoking and family history of the disease.

Periodontal Disease Relating to Systemic Conditions

Gum disease can appear as a symptom of different diseases that affect parts of the body other than the mouth. It can often occur in combination with heart disease, diabetes or respiratory diseases, for example. However, it can occur with many other conditions. Depending on a patient’s specific condition, this type of gum disease can present similarly to aggressive periodontal disease. Even if a patient has minimal accumulation of plaque, many diseases can both worsen the severity and accelerate the progression of gum disease.

Necrotizing Periodontal Disease

Patients dealing with HIV, malnutritions, chronic stress, compromised immune systems or who currently smoke can often deal with necrotizing periodontal disease. This type presents with necrosis, or tissue death, of the periodontal ligament, gingival tissues and alveolar bone.



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