Chronic Periodontal Disease
This is another common type, and occurs most often in patients over the age of 45. It comes with inflammation below the patient’s gum line in addition to the progressive degradation of both gingival and bone tissue. The disease can cause a patient’s teeth to appear that they are growing in length, but the gums actually recede in cases of chronic periodontal disease.
Aggressive Periodontal Disease
This kind of the disease comes with dramatic loss of bone tissue, rapid gum attachment loss and familial aggregation. Aggressive periodontal disease is similar to chronic periodontal disease but progresses at a much faster rate. Significantly, risk factors for developing aggressive periodontal disease include smoking and family history of the disease.
Periodontal Disease Relating to Systemic Conditions
Gum disease can appear as a symptom of different diseases that affect parts of the body other than the mouth. It can often occur in combination with heart disease, diabetes or respiratory diseases, for example. However, it can occur with many other conditions. Depending on a patient’s specific condition, this type of gum disease can present similarly to aggressive periodontal disease. Even if a patient has minimal accumulation of plaque, many diseases can both worsen the severity and accelerate the progression of gum disease.
Necrotizing Periodontal Disease
Patients dealing with HIV, malnutritions, chronic stress, compromised immune systems or who currently smoke can often deal with necrotizing periodontal disease. This type presents with necrosis, or tissue death, of the periodontal ligament, gingival tissues and alveolar bone.